On 25 and 26 March 2013, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and CARE provided gender training for imGoats extension staff based in Mozambique at the CARE office in Vilanculos.
The learning objectives of the training were: to better understand the concept of gender; to increase their knowledge about gender and agriculture, particularly in the imGoats project; and to be able to use the CARE training tools for producer groups, including the income expenditure tree. CARE gender officer Nalia Johane and ILRI postdoctoral scientist Birgit Boogaard facilitated the training in Portuguese. ILRI postdoctoral scientist Elizabeth Waithanji was in Vilanculos to work on the imGoats gender paper and the imGoats team benefited from her presence and gender expertise during the training.
The training was divided into one day of theory followed by a practical part in the field on the second day. The theoretical part covered the following sessions:
- What is gender?*
- Gender in the imGoats project**
- Gender activity plan in the imGoats project
- Refresher on CARE training tools
The first session included a short discussion on the difference between gender and sex, followed by an interactive energizer that introduced gender issues. Subsequently, Birgit gave a mini-lecture on the importance of gender in agriculture and development. The main objective of the second session was to provide feedback to CARE staff on gender baseline findings and the gender consultancy. It was a very interactive session, in which research and consultancy findings were actively discussed with the imGoats team.
The third session included the activity plan for gender in the final months of the imGoats project which ends on 30 June 2013. The plan was based on the main recommendations of the consultants: 1) provide gender training to project participants like producers, paravets and CARE staff and 2) adapt monitoring and evaluation tools to be more gender sensitive. The imGoats team already started implementing both recommendations in 2012, so the gender activity plan for 2013 consists of a continuation of existing gender activities.
CARE gender officer Nalia Johane facilitated the fourth session, in which she reviewed the CARE training tools, particularly the income expenditure tree (photo 1). The income and expenditure tree can be used to discuss different gender related issues like household decision making, reinvestment of income, and the impact of HIV/AIDS on households.
During the practical field session, CARE extension officers Faustino Jose and Feliciano Majesso used the income expenditure tree to train a mixed producer group on gender issues related to income sources, household expenditures and decision taking (photo 2).
* Adapted from: K. Colverson (2013), Incorporating Gender into Extension Services. Modernizing Extension and Advisory Services. University of Florida and the MEAS project
**Based on: B.K. Boogaard and E. Waithanji (in progress), Smallholder goat production and marketing: A gendered baseline study from Inhassoro district Mozambique. and C. Chitsike and S. van Oosterhout (2012) Analysis of gender dynamics and the potential consequences of transforming goat production and marketing systems for women in male and female headed households in the project area in Mozambique under the EC/IFAD-funded “imGoats” project. Gender consultancy for imGoats.