Value chains

The imGoats project (‘small ruminant value chains to increase income and food security in India and Mozambique’) was designed to increase incomes and food security in a sustainable manner by enhancing pro-poor small ruminant value chains in the two countries.

This ILRI research brief shares experiences of the project in using outcome mapping (OM) to improve planning, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of a goat value chain development project in the two countries.

Results show that OM was very useful to monitor behavioural changes among value chain actors. It also contributed to effective management of the project. The approach suited both a relatively small project area in Mozambique (>500 households), with a strong emphasis on qualitative data, as well as a larger project area in India (>2500 households) where it helped improve data collection and analysis,and stimulate feedback mechanisms.

Data collection and analysis was resource intensive, and substantial adaptations were required based on organizational culture and capacity as well as project scale.

Download the brief

It is almost a year since Kees Swaans presented this paper at an international workshop on New models for innovation for development held at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom in July 2013, but we are now pleased to share with you the open source article:

Operationalizing inclusive innovation: Lessons from innovation platforms in livestock value chains in India and Mozambique

The CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems contributed financially to make this an open source publication.

Swaans K, Boogaard B, Bendapudi R, Taye H, Hendrickx S and Klerkx L. 2014. Operationalizing inclusive innovation: lessons from innovation platforms in livestock value chains in India and Mozambique. Innovation and Development. DOI 10.1080/2157930X.2014.925246

The imGoats project team recently finalized two short photo stories about the project site in Udaipur (Rajasthan State, India) and Inhassoro (Inhambane province, Mozambique). The photo stories outline the situation before and after the project intervention regarding goat production and commercialization.

Improving livelihoods through goat rearing and commercialisation in India



Improving livelihoods through goat rearing and commercialisation in Mozambique

On 13 August 2013, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and BAIF Development Research Foundation hosted a small ruminant policy meeting at the Park Hotel in New Delhi, India. This activity was part of the imGoats project.

Over 50 participants were present, including representatives from central and state government, agricultural research institutes, development organizations and the private sector.

There were sessions on innovations and stakeholder linkages, market linkages, and service delivery and community-led extension. Each session had two presentations which were followed by lively debates from a panel of experts and the participants.

The main findings of the meeting are outlined below:

  • In India, two sectors of small ruminant production co-exist: smallholders in semi-arid and arid regions and commercial farmers. The increased demand for goat and sheep meat offers an opportunity for both sectors to grow. There is also a good opportunity to maximize the use of by-products that are currently unused for the most part.
  • Because of the diversity of these two sectors, their respective needs with regard to training and services are different, as is the case for their policy needs.
  • Of importance is the organization of smallholder producers into self-help groups that will eventually evolve into cooperatives. Other institutional models can be explored to stimulate linkages with the private sector.
  • Important measures of success include widespread adoption by smallholders of improved animal health, breeding and feeding practices, as well as improved interaction among value chain actors to enhance smallholder market participation. For the private sector, compliance with internationally recognized certification standards, such as ISO International Standards, is important to ensure high-value market participation in India and access to export markets.

On 13 June 2013, the imGoats Inhassoro innovation platform held its ninth meeting at Vulanjane, Inhassoro, Mozambique. It was the last meeting with project support.

In total 16 people participated. The meeting was facilitated by IP president Joao. It was a very good and promising meeting, in which potential goat sales and the future of the IP was discussed. The IP members were motivated to continue the meetings after the project, saying that they ‘can do it on their own now’.

The participants made the following agreements:
- Two goat sales points will be created in the district: in Vulanjane and Mangugumete
- The abattoir in Vilanculos wants to buy around 100 goats per month, on every 2nd Wednesday of the month. The first sales will occur on the 10th of July 2013. Payments will be done in cash. IP participants will inform community members. Paravets will make an inventory of the available animals in their community.
- Next IP meeting: Thursday 18th July.

Due to project ending, the report of the 9th IP meeting is the last report. It can be downloaded here:


We have published research briefs that summarize results of baseline studies that characterized smallholder goat production and marketing systems in Udaipur District, Rajasthan State, India and Inhassoro District, Mozambique.

You may access the briefs via the links below.

On 7 March 2013, the imGoats Inhassoro innovation platform held its eighth meeting at Chitsotso, Inhassoro, Mozambique. It was the third innovation platform meeting where participants came by their own transport.  Twenty-seven participants took part in the meeting including producers, community leaders, paraveterinarians, extension officers and researchers.

The meeting was held at the goat farm of Jan and Joey Bean, who are South African private investors and goat keepers. They have a goat farm in Chitsotso – an imGoats project community – with more than 200 crossbred goats (Mozambican Landim and South African Boerbok).  Jan and Joey expressed their interest in cooperating with the imGoats project participants. The main objective of the meeting was therefore to explore possible options for cooperation.

The following options were explored: 1) commercialization and 2) use of improved breed (Boerbok). With regard to commercialization, Jan expressed interest in buying goats from the project participants. He suggested that he could collect goats from the communities with his own transport if participants aggregate about 10 to 20 goats at once. This led to a discussion on the price; 30 to 35 Mozambique meticais (MtN) per kilogram was too low according to the producers – they wanted MtN 40 to 45 per kilogram. It was agreed that between 5 and 15 April 2013, Jan and Joey will visit a few communities and buy goats as ‘pilot sales’ in order to explore what price is realistic.

At the next – and final – IP meeting at the end of April, experiences about the ‘pilot sales’ will be shared and possibilities for further cooperation will be explored.

Download the report of the eighth imGoats Inhassoro innovation platform meeting

Participants at the 8th imGoats Inhassoro innovation platform meeting

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