It is almost a year since Kees Swaans presented this paper at an international workshop on New models for innovation for development held at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom in July 2013, but we are now pleased to share with you the open source article:

Operationalizing inclusive innovation: Lessons from innovation platforms in livestock value chains in India and Mozambique

The CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems contributed financially to make this an open source publication.

Swaans K, Boogaard B, Bendapudi R, Taye H, Hendrickx S and Klerkx L. 2014. Operationalizing inclusive innovation: lessons from innovation platforms in livestock value chains in India and Mozambique. Innovation and Development. DOI 10.1080/2157930X.2014.925246

Tezira Lore:

This new manual in Hindi on goat production and commercialization in India will be a useful resource for paraveterinary workers.

Originally posted on ILRI news:

Goats in Mozambique

Partners in a project in India and Mozambique to raise rural incomes through goat rearing have produced a manual to help paraveterinary workers and farmers, especially women and other marginalized groups, transform their goat raising from an informal activity to a viable commercially oriented enterprise.

The project, known as imGoats, or ‘Small ruminant value chains to reduce poverty and increase food security in India and Mozambique’; was conducted from 2011 to 2013 by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), India’s BAIF Development Research Foundation and Care International (Mozambique). It was funded by the European Commission through the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

Titled Goat Production and Commercialization, the manual takes the form of a flip chart, with visual aids, illustrations and simple explanatory texts on major topics related to goat rearing, including feeding and health, reproduction and commercialization. Information in the manual was produced by BAIF and Care International from…

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BG Rathod presents at workshop in Rajasthan

BG Rathod from BAIF-Rajasthan Rural Institute of Development Management presents on the commercialization experiences as part of the imGoats project (photo credit: ILRI/Saskia Hendrickx).

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), together with its imGoats implementing partner in India, BAIF, hosted a one-day Experience Sharing Workshop on Goat Development on 2 December 2013 in Udaipur, Rajasthan.

The meeting was attended by the director of the Animal Husbandry Department, Dr Maan, and 10 senior staff from the department, the dean of the Veterinary College Ballabhnagar, Dr RK Nagad, as well as representatives of another goat project in Rajasthan funded by the International Fund for Agricultural Development, MPower. Also present were representatives from micro-finance institutions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and staff from other BAIF programs.

The objective of the workshop was to share the findings of the imGoats project and the related recommendations for policymakers. It also provided a platform for staff from other NGOs to share their experiences. There were some interesting discussions and the participants appreciated the opportunity to interact directly with officials from the Animal Husbandry Department.

Below are some of the workshop recommendations for policymakers:

  • improve animal health services through collaboration with NGOs to train animal health service providers at village levels whilst ensuring technical backstopping by the Animal Husbandry Department;
  • encourage organization of farmers through the establishment of producer groups, federations or cooperatives;
  • establish innovation platforms should be encouraged to ensure improved communication between value chain actors;
  • improving breeds — though important — should not come before improvements in health and feeding;
  • endorse establishment of markets at district level to encourage smallholder involvement; and
  • ensure that any production improvement is linked to improved sales of animals to minimize possible negative impact on the environment.

A similar meeting is scheduled for 18 December 2013 in Jharkhand State in Ranchi, the location of the second imGoats project site in India.

The imGoats project team recently finalized two short photo stories about the project site in Udaipur (Rajasthan State, India) and Inhassoro (Inhambane province, Mozambique). The photo stories outline the situation before and after the project intervention regarding goat production and commercialization.

Improving livelihoods through goat rearing and commercialisation in India



Improving livelihoods through goat rearing and commercialisation in Mozambique

On 13 August 2013, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and BAIF Development Research Foundation hosted a small ruminant policy meeting at the Park Hotel in New Delhi, India. This activity was part of the imGoats project.

Over 50 participants were present, including representatives from central and state government, agricultural research institutes, development organizations and the private sector.

There were sessions on innovations and stakeholder linkages, market linkages, and service delivery and community-led extension. Each session had two presentations which were followed by lively debates from a panel of experts and the participants.

The main findings of the meeting are outlined below:

  • In India, two sectors of small ruminant production co-exist: smallholders in semi-arid and arid regions and commercial farmers. The increased demand for goat and sheep meat offers an opportunity for both sectors to grow. There is also a good opportunity to maximize the use of by-products that are currently unused for the most part.
  • Because of the diversity of these two sectors, their respective needs with regard to training and services are different, as is the case for their policy needs.
  • Of importance is the organization of smallholder producers into self-help groups that will eventually evolve into cooperatives. Other institutional models can be explored to stimulate linkages with the private sector.
  • Important measures of success include widespread adoption by smallholders of improved animal health, breeding and feeding practices, as well as improved interaction among value chain actors to enhance smallholder market participation. For the private sector, compliance with internationally recognized certification standards, such as ISO International Standards, is important to ensure high-value market participation in India and access to export markets.

On 13 June 2013, the imGoats Inhassoro innovation platform held its ninth meeting at Vulanjane, Inhassoro, Mozambique. It was the last meeting with project support.

In total 16 people participated. The meeting was facilitated by IP president Joao. It was a very good and promising meeting, in which potential goat sales and the future of the IP was discussed. The IP members were motivated to continue the meetings after the project, saying that they ‘can do it on their own now’.

The participants made the following agreements:
– Two goat sales points will be created in the district: in Vulanjane and Mangugumete
– The abattoir in Vilanculos wants to buy around 100 goats per month, on every 2nd Wednesday of the month. The first sales will occur on the 10th of July 2013. Payments will be done in cash. IP participants will inform community members. Paravets will make an inventory of the available animals in their community.
– Next IP meeting: Thursday 18th July.

Due to project ending, the report of the 9th IP meeting is the last report. It can be downloaded here:


We have published research briefs that summarize results of baseline studies that characterized smallholder goat production and marketing systems in Udaipur District, Rajasthan State, India and Inhassoro District, Mozambique.

You may access the briefs via the links below.


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